This passage give expression to the universality of Buddhism. The Buddha exhorted the first monks who had achieved enlightenment (arahattā) to share the truth they had realized with others. The word used bahujana meaning “people in general” and loka meaning “the world”. This meaning comes out clearly in the reference to devamanussā meaning “gods and humans” referring to the whole of humanity and those beyond.
Caratha bhikkhave cārikaṁ bahujanahitāya bahujanasukhāya
Go on a walk, monks, for the benefit of many people[i], for the happiness of many people,
lokānukampāya atthāya hitāya sukhāya devamanussānaṁ.
out of compassion for the world, for the welfare, benefit, and happiness of gods and men.
From Mārakathā, Mahākhandhako, Mahāvaggapāḷi, Vinaya